Black and white photograph of Argentine writer Julio Cortázar.

Julio Cortázar

(1914 - 1984)

Black and white photograph of former Democratic Republic of Vietnam president Ho Chi Minh.

Ho Chi Minh

(1890 - 1969)

Black and white photograph of former U.S. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer with hands in pockets.

A. Mitchell Palmer

(1872 - 1936)

Black and white photograph of West-Indian-born civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael.

Stokely Carmichael

(1941 - 1998)

Black and white photograph of former chancellor and Führer of Germany Adolf Hitler.

Adolf Hitler

(1889 - 1945)

Color portrait of French radical Jacobin leader Maximilien de Robespierre.

Maximilien de Robespierre

(1758 - 1794)

Black and white photograph of prominent communist figure Ernesto Che Guevara.

Ernesto Che Guevara

(1828 - 1967)

Portrait of South American soldier and statesman Simón Bolívar.

Simón Bolívar

(1783 - 1830)

Portrait of British poet Lord Byron.

Lord Byron

(1788 - 1824)

Black and white photograph of psychologist and LSD advocate Timothy Leary.

Timothy Leary

(1920 - 1996)

Photograph of Egyptian writer Yasmine El Rashidi.

Yasmine El Rashidi

Painted portrait of British statesman and political thinker Edmund Burke.

Edmund Burke

(1729 - 1797)

Black and white photograph of American novelist John Steinbeck.

John Steinbeck

(1902 - 1968)

Black and white photograph of French mystic, philosopher, and activist Simone Weil.

Simone Weil

(1909 - 1943)

Portrait bust of Greek dramatist Aeschylus.

Aeschylus

(c. 525 BC - 456 BC)

Photograph of Tunisian poet Abul-Qasim Al-Shabbi.

Abul-Qasim Al-Shabbi

(1909 - 1934)

Black and white photograph of political scientist and philosopher Hannah Arendt holding a cigarette.

Hannah Arendt

(1906 - 1975)

Statue of French medieval poet and historian Jean Froissart.

Jean Froissart

(c. 1337 - c. 1405)

Portrait of English physicist and mathematician Isaac Newton.

Isaac Newton

(1643 - 1727)

Black and white photograph of Mao Zedong with raised arm.

Mao Zedong

(1893 - 1976)

Color photograph of British historian Orlando Figes.

Orlando Figes

Painted portrait of former American first lady Abigail Adams.

Abigail Smith Adams

(1744 - 1818)

Black and white photograph of American inventor Thomas Alva Edison.

Thomas Alva Edison

(1847 - 1931)

Portrait of third president of the United States Thomas Jefferson.

Thomas Jefferson

(1743 - 1826)

Black and white photograph of Cuban poet, patriot, and martyr José Martí.

José Martí

(1853 - 1895)

Ba Bulleh Shah

(1680 - 1757)

Black and white photograph of Russian revolutionary Sergei Nechaev.

Sergei Nechaev

(1847 - 1882)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Color photograph of British playwright, novelist, and translator Michael Frayn.

Michael Frayn

Black and white photograph of French novelist, essayist, and playwright Albert Camus.

Albert Camus

(1913 - 1960)

Color photograph of German novelist Peter Schneider.

Peter Schneider

Painted portrait of English poet John Milton.

John Milton

(1608 - 1674)

Portrait of Pope Gregory XIII seated.

Pope Gregory XIII

(1502 - 1585)

German socialist philosopher Friedrich Engels.

Friedrich Engels

(1820 - 1895)

Black and white photograph of French poet Guillaume Apollinaire.

Guillaume Apollinaire

(1880 - 1918)

Color image of French philosopher Auguste Comte.

Auguste Comte

(1798 - 1857)

Color photograph of American writer Deb Olin Unferth.

Deb Olin Unferth

Painted portrait of second President of the United States John Adams.

John Adams

(1735 - 1826)

At the age of seventeen, Hawthorne mused to his mother about the possibility of “relying for support upon my pen.”

Nathaniel Hawthorne

(1804 - 1864)

Image of South Carolina secession leader David Flavel Jamison.

David Flavel Jamison

(1810 - 1864)

Black and white photograph of Italian artist Giacomo Balla.

Giacomo Balla

(1871 - 1958)

Russian revolutionary and writer Victor Serge.

Victor Serge

(1890 - 1947)

Color portrait of German theologian and reformer Martin Luther.

Martin Luther

(1483 - 1546)

Black and white photograph of Russian poet Marina Tsvetaeva.

Marina Tsvetaeva

(1892 - 1941)

Color photograph of writer and editor Garret Keizer.

Garret Keizer

Color photograph of author David Graeber wearing a t-shirt.

David Graeber

Bust of Chinese astronomer and high official Shen Kuo.

Shen Kuo

(1031 - 1095)

Color photograph of Czech playwright, poet, and political dissident Václav Havel.

Václav Havel

(1936 - 2011)

Black and white photograph of American revolutionary writer and activist John Reed.

John Reed

(1887 - 1920)

Portrait of communist theorist and agitator Leon Trotsky.

Leon Trotsky

(1879 - 1940)

Color photograph of writer Nicholas Carr.

Nicholas Carr

Black and white photograph of Polish-born German revolutionary and agitator Rosa Luxemburg.

Rosa Luxemburg

(1871 - 1919)

Portrait of King George III in military dress.

King George III

(1738 - 1820)

Appian of Alexandria

(c. 95 - c. 165)

Black and white photograph of German revolutionary, economist, sociologist, and historian Karl Marx.

Karl Marx

(1818 - 1883)

Portrait of claimant to English throne James Scott, Duke of Monmouth.

James Scott, Duke of Monmouth

(1649 - 1685)

Black and white photograph of Czech writer Karel Čapek.

Karel Čapek

(1890 - 1938)

Color painting early Chinese philosopher Mengzi.

Mengzi

(c. 371 BC - c. 289 BC)

English novelist, essayist, and critic George Orwell.

George Orwell

(1903 - 1950)

Black and white photograph of American birth-control advocate Margaret Sanger.

Margaret Sanger

(1879 - 1966)

Painted portrait of French anarchist and journalist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

(1809 - 1865)

Color photograph of Egyptian Nobel Laureate Naguib Mahfouz.

Naguib Mahfouz

(1911 - 2006)

Black and white photograph of Irish poet and writer W. B. Yeats.

W.B. Yeats

(1865 - 1939)

Self-portrait of French artist Jacques-Louis David.

Jacques-Louis David

(1748 - 1825)

Black and white photograph of French man of letters Anatole France.

Anatole France

(1844 - 1924)

Finck was a music critic for The Nation and the New York Evening Post from 1881 to 1924.

Henry T. Finck

(1854 - 1926)

Photograph of British cleric Samuel Wilberforce.

Samuel Wilberforce

(1805 - 1873)

Black and white photograph of American anarchist Emma Goldman.

Emma Goldman

(1869 - 1940)

Black and white photograph of French writer Victor Hugo.

Victor Hugo

(1802 - 1885)

Engraving of Roman author and administrator Pliny the Younger.

Pliny the Younger

(61 - 112)