Black and white photograph of former chancellor and Führer of Germany Adolf Hitler.

Adolf Hitler

(1889 - 1945)

After his mother died in 1907, Adolf Hitler used an orphan’s pension to study art in Vienna and was twice rejected by the Academy of Fine Arts. In 1914 he was awarded the Iron Cross for his service in World War I; in 1919 he joined the German Workers’ Party, subsequently renamed the Nazi Party. He was named chancellor of Germany in 1933, and, after President Paul von Hindenburg’s death in 1934, assumed the title of Führer. In 1945, in a Berlin bunker, Hitler committed suicide.

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Voices In Time

1938 | Berlin

Animal Farm

Hitler’s animal protection laws.More

He alone who owns the youth gains the future.

—Adolf Hitler, 1935


In the weeks surrounding Germany’s surrender on May 8, 1945, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels, Martin Bormann, Heinrich Himmler, the minister of culture, eight of forty-one party regional leaders, fourteen of ninety-eight Luftwaffe generals, and eleven of fifty-three admirals committed suicide. In Berlin, 3,881 Germans killed themselves in April alone; 7,057 suicides were reported by the end of the year.

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