(1869 - 1940)
Born in Lithuania in 1869, Emma Goldman immigrated to the U.S. in 1885, was arrested for inciting a riot in 1893, founded the periodical Mother Earth in 1906, and published Anarchism and Other Essays in 1910. She lectured on the importance of European playwrights, among them Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, and on the concept of free love. Goldman was jailed in 1917 for her activities in opposition to U.S. involvement in World War I and one U.S. soldier caught shaking hands with the “Queen of the Anarchists” was court-martialed, dishonorably discharged, and sentenced to five years’ hard labor. She was deported to the Soviet Union in 1919 and died in 1940.