Black and white photograph of prominent communist figure Ernesto Che Guevara.

Ernesto Che Guevara

(1828 - 1967)

To overthrow Fulgencio Batista’s dictatorship, Che Guevara landed with Fidel Castro and his rebel army on the shores of Cuba in December 1956; over the next two years the guerillas gained arms and manpower, seizing control of Havana and establishing a communist government in January 1959. After serving in various posts in the Cuban government, he went in 1965 to assist in the civil war in the Congo and in 1966 to help foment revolution in Bolivia, where he was later captured and executed. 

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The Revolution is made by man, but man must forge his revolutionary spirit from day to day.

—Ernesto Che Guevara, 1968


In Guerrilla Warfare, Che Guevara suggested that a well-prepared revolutionary should carry the following items: rifle, ammunition, food, plate, knife, fork, canteen, antibiotics, paper, a compass, nylon cloth, soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, a pair of pants, a book (“biographies of past heroes, histories, or economic geographies”), a machete, a small bottle of gasoline, kindling, matches, needles, thread, and buttons. 

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