Black and white photograph of Alsatian-German winner of the Nobel Peace Prize Albert Schweitzer.

Albert Schweitzer

(1875 - 1965)

Black and white photograph of Irish novelist James Joyce.

James Joyce

(1882 - 1941)

Black and white photograph of folksinger Phil Ochs.

Phil Ochs

(1940 - 1976)

Black and white photograph of Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson.

Robert Louis Stevenson

(1850 - 1894)

Black and white photograph of German writer Hermann Hesse.

Hermann Hesse

(1877 - 1962)

Wang Jiusi

(1468 - 1551)

Image from Codex Manesse depicting a tournament of knights.

Chrétien de Troyes

(c. 1165 - c. 1180)

Black and white photograph of German-language writer Franz Kafka.

Franz Kafka

(1883 - 1924)

Color photograph of American writer George Saunders.

George Saunders

Image of Japanese poet and essayist Yoshida Kenko.

Yoshida Kenko

(c. 1283 - c. 1351)

Japanese author Yukio Mishima.

Yukio Mishima

(1925 - 1970)

Color photograph of Osama bin Laden, founder of militant Islamist group al-Qaeda.

Osama bin Laden

(1957 - 2011)

Black and white photograph of former director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation J. Edgar Hoover.

J. Edgar Hoover

(1895 - 1972)

Classical engraving of Aristophanes with a long beard.

Aristophanes

(c. 446 BC - c. 386 BC)

Engraving of Greek satirist Lucian.

Lucian

(125 - c. 180)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Color photograph of Princeton professor of English and Comparative Literature Michael Wood.

Michael Wood

Black and white photograph of British social reformer Eglantyne Jebb at a desk.

Eglantyne Jebb

(1876 - 1928)

Portrait of Japanese political figure and scholar Sugawara no Michizane.

Sugawara no Michizane

(845 - 903)

Color portrait of Russian poet, novelist, and dramatist Aleksandr Pushkin.

Aleksandr Pushkin

(1799 - 1837)

Engraving of Robert Herrick

Robert Herrick

(1591 - 1674)

Suetonius

(69 - c. 130)

Color photograph of American novelist and short-story writer Richard Wright.

Richard Wright

(1908 - 1960)

Black and white photograph of French writer and feminist Simone de Beauvoir.

Simone de Beauvoir

(1908 - 1986)

Portrait of Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Dostoevsky

(1821 - 1881)

Black and white photograph of educator and reformer Booker T. Washington.

Booker T. Washington

(1856 - 1915)

Black and white photograph of Polish-born English writer Joseph Conrad.

Joseph Conrad

(1857 - 1924)

Black and white photograph of French novelist, playwright, and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre.

Jean-Paul Sartre

(1905 - 1980)

Painting of a young Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

(1819 - 1901)

Black and white photograph of critic and novelist Mary McCarthy.

Mary McCarthy

(1912 - 1989)

Longus

(c. 180 - c. 230)

Black and white image of English scholar, writer, and clergyman Robert Burton.

Robert Burton

(1577 - 1640)

Black and white photograph of historian and man of letters Henry Adams.

Henry Adams

(1838 - 1918)

Engraving of Roman poet Horace.

Horace

(65 BC - 8 BC)

Yu Zhih

(1809 - 1874)

Black and white photograph of Maria Bashkirtseva

Maria Bashkirtseva

(1858 - 1884)

Sculpture bust of legendary Greek fabulist Aesop.

Aesop

(c. 620 BC - c. 564 BC)

Black and white photograph of social reformer and pacifist Jane Addams.

Jane Addams

(1860 - 1935)

Photograph of American writer James Baldwin.

James Baldwin

(1924 - 1987)

Portrait of Philip Dormer Stanhope wearing a blue sash.

Philip Dormer Stanhope

(1694 - 1773)

Portrait of French philosopher Claude-Adrien Helvétius.

Claude-Adrien Helvétius

(1715 - 1771)

Color photograph of American journalist and author Dave Cullen.

Dave Cullen

English-born American poet W. H. Auden.

W.H. Auden

(1907 - 1973)

Black and white photograph of psychologist G. Stanley Hall.

G. Stanley Hall

(1844 - 1924)

Sculpture bust of Roman teacher and writer Quintilian.

Quintilian

(35 - c. 96)

Black and white photograph of American author Edith Wharton.

Edith Wharton

(1862 - 1937)

Black and white photograph of American writer Harper Lee.

Harper Lee

(1926 - 2016)

Black and white photograph of American playwright Lillian Hellman.

Lillian Hellman

(1905 - 1984)

Portrait of American Puritan theologian Jonathan Edwards.

Jonathan Edwards

(1703 - 1758)

Black and white photograph of Austrian writer Stefan Zweig.

Stefan Zweig

(1881 - 1942)

Black and white photograph of American poet Elizabeth Bishop.

Elizabeth Bishop

(1911 - 1979)

Photograph of Joan Didion

Joan Didion

Black and white photograph of English man of letters Cyril Connolly.

Cyril Connolly

(1903 - 1974)

Color photograph of writer and activist Ishmael Beah.

Ishmael Beah

Color portrait of English philosopher John Locke.

John Locke

(1632 - 1704)

Black and white photograph of British writer Doris Lessing.

Doris Lessing

(1919 - 2013)

Black and white photograph of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud with cigar.

Sigmund Freud

(1856 - 1949)

Black and white image of English novelist Anthony Trollope.

Anthony Trollope

(1815 - 1882)

Pastel drawing of George Eliot.

George Eliot

(1819 - 1880)

Sepia colored photo of Oscar Wilde sitting on a rock with a book in his hand

Oscar Wilde

(1854 - 1900)

Color photograph of writer Donna Tartt.

Donna Tartt

Black and white photograph of German novelist and essayist Thomas Mann.

Thomas Mann

(1875 - 1955)

Portrait of Chinese painter and poet Xu Wei.

Xu Wei

(1521 - 1593)

Color photograph of American writer Annie Dillard.

Annie Dillard

Black and white image of Greek biographer and writer Plutarch.

Plutarch

(46 - c. 120)

Black and white photograph of English poet Wilfred Owen.

Wilfred Owen

(1893 - 1918)

Portrait of German physician and writer Heinrich Hoffmann.

Heinrich Hoffmann

(1885 - 1957)

Black and white photograph of African-American poet Nikki Giovanni.

Nikki Giovanni

Color portrait of the Italian writer and libertine Giacomo Casanova.

Giacomo Casanova

(1725 - 1798)

Painting of humanist and scholar Desiderius Erasmus.

Desiderius Erasmus

(1466 - 1536)

Color photograph of writer and editor Noam Scheiber.

Noam Scheiber

Image of medieval traveler Sir John Mandeville.

John Mandeville

(c. 1300 - 1371)

Painting of Jean de la Bruyère wearing a red cape.

Jean de La Bruyère

(1645 - 1696)

Black and white photograph of French aviator and writer Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

(1900 - 1944)

Detail of mural featuring Jacobus de Voragine, archbishop of Genoa and chronicler.

Jacobus de Voragine

(c. 1230 - 1298)

Portrait of English writer Mary Wollstonecraft.

Mary Wollstonecraft

(1759 - 1797)

Black and white photograph of Russian author Leo Tolstoy.

Leo Tolstoy

(1828 - 1910)

Portrait of Russian political thinker and writer Alexander Herzen.

Alexander Herzen

(1812 - 1870)

Black and white engraving of Roman poet Ovid in profile.

Ovid

(43 BC - c. 17)

Black and white photograph of American writer and exponent of Transcendentalism Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

(1803 - 1882)

Black and white photograph of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt.

Theodore Roosevelt

(1858 - 1919)

Black and white photograph of Danish author Tove Ditlevsen.

Tove Ditlevsen

(1917 - 1976)