Archive

Contributors

American sociologist and reformer W. E. B. Du Bois.

W.E.B. Du Bois

(1868 - 1963)

Italian literary critic and novelist Umberto Eco.

Umberto Eco

(1932 - 2016)

Photograph of American writer Ralph Ellison.

Ralph Ellison

(1914 - 1994)

Henry Ford

(1863 - 1947)

Painting of Benjamin Franklin reading a batch of papers next to a classical bust.

Benjamin Franklin

(1706 - 1790)

Black and white photograph of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud with cigar.

Sigmund Freud

(1856 - 1949)

British historian Edward Gibbon.

Edward Gibbon

(1737 - 1794)

German writer and statesman Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

(1749 - 1832)

Ukrainian-born Russian novelist Nikolai Gogol.

Nikolai Gogol

(1809 - 1852)

Alexander Hamilton

(1755 - 1804)

Hammurabi

(1810 BC - 1750 BC)

German poet Heinrich Heine.

Heinrich Heine

(1825 - 1856)

Joris-Karl Huysmans

(1848 - 1907)

American author Washington Irving.

Washington Irving

(1783 - 1859)

Juvenal

(c. 60 - c. 130)

Artist rendering of Hindu statesman and philosopher Kautilya.

Kautilya

(c. 350 BC - c. 300 BC)

British historian and author Ian Kershaw.

Ian Kershaw

John Maynard Keynes

(1883 - 1946)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Jackson Lears

Adrian Nicole LeBlanc

Photograph of Michael Lewis

Michael Lewis

Color portrait of English philosopher John Locke.

John Locke

(1632 - 1704)

Daniel Loeb