Mulay al-Walid

(c. 1588 - 1636)

Portrait of Francis Bacon in sixteenth-century armor.

Francis Bacon

(1561 - 1626)

Black and white photograph of American novelist John Steinbeck.

John Steinbeck

(1902 - 1968)

Roman general and ruler Julius Caesar.

Julius Caesar

(c. 100 BC - 44 BC)

Sculpture bust of Greek dramatist Euripides.

Euripides

(c. 484 BC - c. 406 BC)

Portrait of communist theorist and agitator Leon Trotsky.

Leon Trotsky

(1879 - 1940)

John von Neumann

(1903 - 1957)

Alice Goffman

Bryan Burrough

Jacob Black-Michaud

(1938 - 1985)

Andrew Carnegie

(1835 - 1919)

A. Philip Randolph

(1889 - 1979)

Zora Neale Hurston

(1891 - 1960)

Peter Kimani

Nisid Hajari

American writer Philip Roth.

Philip Roth

(1933 - 2018)

Clive James

Edmund Yates

(1831 - 1894)

Cecco Angiolieri

(c. 1260 - c. 1312)

Color drawing of Jane Austen sitting in a chair wearing a blue dress

Jane Austen

(1775 - 1817)

Walter Map

(c. 1140 - c. 1209)

Black and white photograph of Octavio Paz standing in a library.

Octavio Paz

(1914 - 1998)

Oil painting portrair Michel de Montaigne in red robes and white collar

Michel de Montaigne

(1533 - 1592)

Demosthenes

(384 BC - 322 BC)

Okado Denpachiro

(1659 - 1723)

Aimé Césaire

(1913 - 2008)

Color portrait of Russian poet, novelist, and dramatist Aleksandr Pushkin.

Aleksandr Pushkin

(1799 - 1837)

St. Augustine

Saint Augustine

(354 - 430)

Statue depicting Roman orator and historian Tacitus.

Tacitus

(56 - c. 120)

Bust of Hesiod

Hesiod

Isabel Allende

Eliza Haywood

(c. 1693 - 1756)

Napoleon A. Jennings

(1856 - 1919)

Wilfrid Sheed

(1930 - 2011)

Black and white photograph of French mystic, philosopher, and activist Simone Weil.

Simone Weil

(1909 - 1943)

Nawal El Saadawi

Statue of French medieval poet and historian Jean Froissart.

Jean Froissart

(c. 1337 - c. 1405)

Franklin Pierce Adams

(1881 - 1960)

Photograph of English novelist Charles Dickens.

Charles Dickens

(1812 - 1870)

Joanne B. Freeman

William Makepeace Thackeray

(1811 - 1863)

Nadine Gordimer

(1923 - 2014)

Jayne Anne Phillips

Henry Turberville

(c. 1607 - 1678)

John Helyar

Florentine sculptor and writer Benvenuto Cellini.

Benvenuto Cellini

(1500 - 1571)

Engraving of William Shakespeare from the first folio edition.

William Shakespeare

(1564 - 1616)

Painted portrait of English poet John Milton.

John Milton

(1608 - 1674)

The Notorious B.I.G.

(1972 - 1997)

Jean Hatzfeld

Valerie Solanas

(1936 - 1988)

Amanda Petrusich

William of Newburgh

(1136 - c. 1198)

Roberto Saviano

Ahmad Ibn Burd al-Asghar

(c. 1005 - c. 1054)

Black and white image of Roman philosopher and statesman Seneca the Younger.

Seneca the Younger

(4 BC - 65)

Dorothy Carrington

(1910 - 2002)

Photograph of Oodergoo Noonuccal

Oodgeroo Noonuccal

(1920 - 1993)

Photograph of Jim Holt looking at a book.

Jim Holt

John Herrman

Oskar Morgenstern

(1902 - 1977)

Raoul Felder

Black and white photograph of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud with cigar.

Sigmund Freud

(1856 - 1949)

Hua Hsu

Hua Hsu

Black and white image of American writer Herman Melville.

Herman Melville

(1819 - 1891)

Russian author Anton Chekhov.

Anton Chekhov

(1860 - 1904)

Matthew Josephson

(1899 - 1978)

Photograph of American short-story writer and poet Edgar Allan Poe.

Edgar Allan Poe

(1809 - 1849)

Painting of humanist and scholar Desiderius Erasmus.

Desiderius Erasmus

(1466 - 1536)

Portrait of English writer Mary Wollstonecraft.

Mary Wollstonecraft

(1759 - 1797)

D.W. Yandell

(1898 - 1826)

British author Aldous Huxley.

Aldous Huxley

(1894 - 1963)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Edwin Forrest

(1806 - 1872)

Josephine Turpin Washington

(1861 - 1949)

Color portrait of the Italian writer and libertine Giacomo Casanova.

Giacomo Casanova

(1725 - 1798)

Black and white photograph of a young Mark Twain with dark hair.

Mark Twain

(1835 - 1910)

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift

(1667 - 1745)

Ryunosuke Akutagawa

(1892 - 1927)

James Melville

(1535 - 1617)

Black and white photograph of critic and novelist Mary McCarthy.

Mary McCarthy

(1912 - 1989)

Hilary Mantel