Painted portrait of French naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Count of Buffon.

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Count of Buffon

(1707 - 1788)

Photograph of English novelist and satirist T. H. White.

T.H. White

(1906 - 1964)

Image from Codex Manesse depicting a tournament of knights.

Chrétien de Troyes

(c. 1165 - c. 1180)

Sculpture bust of Greek historian Herodotus.

Herodotus

(c. 484 BC - c. 425 BC)

Painted portrait of English philosopher Jeremy Bentham.

Jeremy Bentham

(1748 - 1832)

Black and white image of American writer Herman Melville.

Herman Melville

(1819 - 1891)

Portrait of Chinese fiction writer Pu Songling.

Pu Songling

(1640 - 1715)

Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau

(1817 - 1862)

Photograph of British politician and journalist Henry Du Pré Labouchère.

Henry Du Pré Labouchère

(1831 - 1912)

Photograph of New Yorker staff writer Burkhard Bilger.

Burkhard Bilger

Black and white photograph of German-language writer Franz Kafka.

Franz Kafka

(1883 - 1924)

Photograph of Native American author N. Scott Momaday.

N. Scott Momaday

Hanno

(c. 520 BC - c. 470 BC)

Photograph of American novelist Willa Cather.

Willa Cather

(1873 - 1947)

Photograph of American literary critic George Steiner.

George Steiner

Portrait of Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Dostoevsky

(1821 - 1881)

Photograph of British naturalist and conservationist Gerald Durrell.

Gerald Durrell

(1925 - 1995)

Photograph of American poet Mary Oliver.

Mary Oliver

Photograph of East German writer Inge Müller.

Inge Müller

(1925 - 1966)

Black and white engraving of Roman poet Ovid in profile.

Ovid

(43 BC - c. 17)

Black and white photograph of American poet Elizabeth Bishop.

Elizabeth Bishop

(1911 - 1979)

Photograph of American novelist Mary Austin.

Mary Austin

(1868 - 1934)

Black and white photograph of a young Mark Twain with dark hair.

Mark Twain

(1835 - 1910)

Photograph of American biologist Lynn Margulis.

Lynn Margulis

(1938 - 2011)

Usama Ibn Munqidh

(1095 - 1188)

Sculpture bust of legendary Greek fabulist Aesop.

Aesop

(c. 620 BC - c. 564 BC)

Painted portrait of French poet Jean de la Fontaine.

Jean de La Fontaine

(1621 - 1695)

Photograph of American writer and editor John Jeremiah Sullivan.

John Jeremiah Sullivan

Photograph of British novelist Patrick O'Brian.

Patrick O’Brian

(1914 - 2000)

Painting of ornithologist and artist John James Audubon.

John James Audubon

(1785 - 1851)

Black and white photograph of Ryszard Kapuściński holding a book.

Ryszard Kapuściński

(1932 - 2007)

Black and white photograph of Irish poet and writer W. B. Yeats.

W.B. Yeats

(1865 - 1939)

Oil painting portrair Michel de Montaigne in red robes and white collar

Michel de Montaigne

(1533 - 1592)

Photograph of American biologist Edward O. Wilson.

Edward O. Wilson

Image of Chinese Song Dynasty poet Mei Yaochen.

Mei Yaochen

(1002 - 1060)

Image of Platonic philosopher, rhetorician, and author Lucius Apuleius.

Lucius Apuleius

(c. 124 - c. 171)

Photograph of British humanist, naturalist, and critic Alfred Russel Wallace.

Alfred Russel Wallace

(1823 - 1913)

Black and white photograph of English writer Virginia Woolf.

Virginia Woolf

(1882 - 1941)

Black and white image of Japanese haiku poet Kobayashi Issa.

Kobayashi Issa

(1763 - 1828)

Black and white photograph of French novelist, essayist, and playwright Albert Camus.

Albert Camus

(1913 - 1960)

Photograph of Danish writer Isak Dinesen.

Isak Dinesen

(1885 - 1962)

Photograph of American forger George Bidwell.

George Bidwell

(c. 1837 - 1899)

William Langland

(c. 1325 - c. 1390)

Georg Ludwig Collins

(1763 - 1814)

Photograph of British novelist and editor J.R. Ackerley with dog.

J.R. Ackerley

(1896 - 1967)

Photograph of Italian writer Italo Calvino.

Italo Calvino

(1923 - 1985)

Photograph of American writer Denis Johnson.

Denis Johnson

(1949 - 2017)

Longus

(c. 180 - c. 230)

Image of English naturalist Charles Darwin.

Charles Darwin

(1809 - 1882)

Photograph of British journalist and historian Frances Stonor Saunders.

Frances Stonor Saunders

Photograph of Native American poet and novelist Leslie Marmon Silko.

Leslie Marmon Silko

Photograph of pilot, horse trainer, writer, and adventurer Beryl Markham on horseback.

Beryl Markham

(1902 - 1986)

Image of Chinese poet Bai Juyi.

Bai Juyi

(772 - 846)

Portrait of Chinese Daoist Zhuangzi.

Zhuangzi

(c. 369 BC - 286 BC)

Photograph of American animation director Chuck Jones.

Chuck Jones

(1912 - 2002)

Photograph of Soviet playwright and writer Mikhail Bulgakov.

Mikhail Bulgakov

(1891 - 1940)

Photograph of Japanese novelist Natsume Sōseki.

Natsume Sōseki

(1867 - 1916)

Photograph of American author and editor Jack Hitt.

Jack Hitt

Black and white photograph of Russian author Leo Tolstoy.

Leo Tolstoy

(1828 - 1910)

Photograph of Polish writer, artist, teacher, and critic Bruno Schulz.

Bruno Schulz

(1892 - 1942)

Black and white photograph of American novelist John Steinbeck.

John Steinbeck

(1902 - 1968)

Photograph of Native American author and educator Luther Standing Bear.

Luther Standing Bear

(1868 - 1939)

English novelist, essayist, and critic George Orwell.

George Orwell

(1903 - 1950)

Black and white image of Greek biographer and writer Plutarch.

Plutarch

(46 - c. 120)

Aelian

(c. 170 - c. 235)

Portrait bust of Roman poet Virgil.

Virgil

(70 BC - 19 BC)

American author and scholar Norman Maclean.

Norman Maclean

(1902 - 1990)

Photograph of American author Laura Hillenbrand.

Laura Hillenbrand

Painted portrait of German naturalist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt.

Alexander von Humboldt

(1769 - 1859)

Photograph of American novelist and writer Flannery O’Connor.

Flannery O’Connor

(1925 - 1964)

Photograph of Lithuanian-born French philosopher Emmanuel Lévinas.

Emmanuel Lévinas

(1905 - 1995)

Photograph of American writer and naturalist Henry Beston.

Henry Beston

(1888 - 1968)

Photograph of English art critic, novelist, and painter John Berger.

John Berger

(1926 - 2017)

Photograph of English poet and novelist Rudyard Kipling.

Rudyard Kipling

(1865 - 1936)

Painting of Persian Muslim poet Farid ud-Din Attar.

Farid ud-Din Attar

(c. 1142 - c. 1220)

Photograph of American environmentalist Aldo Leopold.

Aldo Leopold

(1887 - 1948)

Painting of Benjamin Franklin reading a batch of papers next to a classical bust.

Benjamin Franklin

(1706 - 1790)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham