Photograph of American biologist Lynn Margulis.

Lynn Margulis

(1938 - 2011)

Born in Chicago, Lynn Margulis graduated from the University of Chicago at the age of nineteen in 1957, earned a master’s degree in zoology and genetics from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1960, and received a PhD in genetics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1965. She was considered a radical thinker by many of her peers, and her theory of eukaryotic cell development revolutionized our understanding of how life arose on earth. Margulis was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1983, was one of only three American members of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, and was awarded the U.S. National Medal of Science in 1999.

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