(1891 - 1940)
Mikhail Bulgakov abandoned his practice of medicine at the age of twenty-eight in 1920 in order to pursue writing. In 1924 he published a collection of short stories, Diaboliad, and in 1925 two-thirds of his first novel, The White Guard. The journal serializing the manuscript folded, and the complete work did not appear in the Soviet Union until the 1960s, along with a censored version of The Master and Margarita. By that time, Bulgakov had been dead for over twenty years.