Archive

Contributors

American essayist and critic William Deresiewicz.

William Deresiewicz

French mathematician and philosopher René Descartes.

René Descartes

(1596 - 1650)

Photograph of English novelist Charles Dickens.

Charles Dickens

(1812 - 1870)

French man of letters Denis Diderot.

Denis Diderot

(1713 - 1784)

Photograph of African-American abolitionist and U.S. diplomat Frederick Douglass.

Frederick Douglass

(c. 1818 - 1895)

Black and white photograph of American writer and exponent of Transcendentalism Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

(1803 - 1882)

Painting of humanist and scholar Desiderius Erasmus.

Desiderius Erasmus

(1466 - 1536)

Johann Gottlieb Fichte

(1762 - 1814)

Black and white photograph of a young F. Scott Fitzgerald sitting at a desk.

F. Scott Fitzgerald

(1896 - 1940)

French philosopher and historian Michel Foucault.

Michel Foucault

(1926 - 1984)

Painting of Benjamin Franklin reading a batch of papers next to a classical bust.

Benjamin Franklin

(1706 - 1790)

Graham Greene

(1904 - 1991)

Black and white photograph of German writer Hermann Hesse.

Hermann Hesse

(1877 - 1962)

James Hilton

(1900 - 1954)

Ibn Khaldun

(1332 - 1406)

Japanese author and retired geisha Mineko Iwasaki.

Mineko Iwasaki

American psychologist and philosopher William James.

William James

(1842 - 1910)

Portrait of third president of the United States Thomas Jefferson.

Thomas Jefferson

(1743 - 1826)

Christian scholar St. Jerome.

Saint Jerome

(c. 347 - c. 420)

Owen Johnson

(1878 - 1952)

Black and white photograph of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung seated with legs crossed.

C.G. Jung

(1875 - 1961)

Juvenal

(c. 60 - c. 130)

Painting of a young Immanuel Kant.

Immanuel Kant

(1724 - 1804)

American author and educator Helen Keller.

Helen Keller

(1880 - 1968)