Elizabeth Blackwell

(1821 - 1910)

Classical bust of Thucydides.

Thucydides

(c. 460 BC - c. 404 BC)

Founder of the Macrobiotic diet and philosophy George Ohsawa.

George Ohsawa

(1893 - 1966)

Color portrait of English poet John Donne.

John Donne

(1572 - 1631)

Louisa May Alcott

(1832 - 1888)

Paddy Chayefsky

(1923 - 1981)

Black and white photograph of American writer and critic Anatole Broyard.

Anatole Broyard

(1920 - 1990)

Depiction of Greek philosopher Plato.

Plato

(c. 427 BC - c. 347 BC)

photograph of David Foster Wallace speaking at a podium

David Foster Wallace

(1962 - 2008)

Louis Pasteur

(1822 - 1895)

Li Zhisui

(1919 - 1995)

Oil painting portrair Michel de Montaigne in red robes and white collar

Michel de Montaigne

(1533 - 1592)

Image of Chinese poet Bai Juyi.

Bai Juyi

(772 - 846)

John Wesley

(1703 - 1791)

American writer and political activist Barbara Ehrenreich.

Barbara Ehrenreich

Persian philosopher and scientist Avicenna.

Avicenna

(980 - 1037)

John Barth

Jewish philosopher, jurist, and physician Moses Maimonides.

Moses Maimonides

(1135 - 1204)

Jean-Dominique Bauby

(1952 - 1997)

Daniel Defoe

(1660 - 1731)

Ken Kesey

(1935 - 2001)

Photograph of English poet and novelist Rudyard Kipling.

Rudyard Kipling

(1865 - 1936)

black and white pencil drawing of Moliere in an ornate frame

Molière

(1622 - 1673)

Soranus

(c. 150 - c. 200)

Hammurabi

(1810 BC - 1750 BC)

English writer Jerome K. Jerome.

Jerome K. Jerome

(1859 - 1927)

Greek physician, writer, and philosopher Galen.

Galen

(129 - c. 216)

Andrew Blackbird

(c. 1815 - 1908)

Photograph of Marcel Proust looking pensive.

Marcel Proust

(1871 - 1922)

Black and white photograph of John Crowley sitting on a porch.

John Crowley

Painting of humanist and scholar Desiderius Erasmus.

Desiderius Erasmus

(1466 - 1536)

Black and white photograph of British writer Doris Lessing.

Doris Lessing

(1919 - 2013)

Italian poet and librettist Felice Romani.

Felice Romani

(1788 - 1865)

American novelist and short story writer Bernard Cooper.

Bernard Cooper

Felix Platter

(1536 - 1614)

Portrait of Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Dostoevsky

(1821 - 1881)

Ancient Greek physician Hippocrates.

Hippocrates

(c. 460 BC - c. 375 BC)

Fanny Burney

(1752 - 1840)

Black and white photograph of Emily Dickinson sitting next to a desk.

Emily Dickinson

(1830 - 1886)

Black and white photograph of a young Susan Sontag with black hair.

Susan Sontag

(1933 - 2004)

Portrait of English essayist and critic Thomas De Quincey.

Thomas De Quincey

(1785 - 1859)

Black and white photograph of English writer Virginia Woolf.

Virginia Woolf

(1882 - 1941)

Jonathan Lyons

Black and white photograph of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud with cigar.

Sigmund Freud

(1856 - 1949)

Jacques Ferrand

(c. 1575 - c. 1620)

Color photograph of Oliver Sacks with a white beard and glasses.

Oliver Sacks

(1933 - 2015)

Black and white image of Roman philosopher and statesman Seneca the Younger.

Seneca the Younger

(4 BC - 65)

Mimnermus

(c. 630 BC - c. 600 BC)

James Orbinski

Al-Kindi

(c. 801 - c. 870)

Photograph of American clinical psychologist and writer Kay Redfield Jamison.

Kay Redfield Jamison

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Photograph of Joan Didion

Joan Didion

English art historian, novelist and journalist Iain Pears.

Iain Pears

Noga Arikha

Andreas Vesalius

(1514 - 1564)

Black and white photograph of Alsatian-German winner of the Nobel Peace Prize Albert Schweitzer.

Albert Schweitzer

(1875 - 1965)

American poet William Carlos Williams.

William Carlos Williams

(1883 - 1963)

English novelist, essayist, and critic George Orwell.

George Orwell

(1903 - 1950)

Sinclair Lewis

(1885 - 1951)

Dorothea Dix

(1802 - 1887)

Photograph of Soviet playwright and writer Mikhail Bulgakov.

Mikhail Bulgakov

(1891 - 1940)

Black and white photograph of scholar, novelist, and Christian apologist C.S. Lewis.

C.S. Lewis

(1898 - 1963)

Atul Gawande