Archive

Contributors

Samuel Johnson

(1709 - 1784)

Juvenal

(c. 60 - c. 130)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Black and white photograph of Italian writer and chemist Primo Levi.

Primo Levi

(1919 - 1987)

Dwight Macdonald

(1906 - 1982)

Painted portrait of Florentine statesman and philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli.

Niccolò Machiavelli

(1469 - 1527)

Jewish philosopher, jurist, and physician Moses Maimonides.

Moses Maimonides

(1135 - 1204)

Black and white photograph of German revolutionary, economist, sociologist, and historian Karl Marx.

Karl Marx

(1818 - 1883)

William McIntosh

(c. 1778 - 1825)

Pablo Neruda

(1904 - 1973)

English nurse Florence Nightingale.

Florence Nightingale

(1820 - 1910)

Black and white engraving of Roman poet Ovid in profile.

Ovid

(43 BC - c. 17)

Engraving of Roman author and administrator Pliny the Younger.

Pliny the Younger

(61 - 112)

Black and white photograph of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt.

Theodore Roosevelt

(1858 - 1919)

Julius Rosenwald

(1862 - 1932)

Sufi mystic and poet Rumi.

Rumi

(c. 1207 - 1273)

Margaret Olivia Sage

(1828 - 1918)

Black and white photograph of American birth-control advocate Margaret Sanger.

Margaret Sanger

(1879 - 1966)

Black and white image of Roman philosopher and statesman Seneca the Younger.

Seneca the Younger

(4 BC - 65)

Engraving of William Shakespeare from the first folio edition.

William Shakespeare

(1564 - 1616)

Mark Strand

(1934 - 2014)

Tertullian

(160 - 220)

Frontispiece for 1612-13 King James Bible.

The Bible

Portrait of Alexis de Tocqueville wearing a black suit and standing in front of a chair.

Alexis de Tocqueville

(1805 - 1859)