(1922 - 2007)
During the Battle of the Bulge in 1944, Kurt Vonnegut was captured by German troops—“We were in this gully about as deep as a World War I trench. There was snow all around. Somebody said we were probably in Luxembourg. We were out of food,” he later recalled—and survived the firebombing of Dresden while a prisoner of war. He published his first novel, Player Piano, in 1952 and his sixth, Slaughterhouse-Five, in 1969.