(1895 - 1990)
Lewis Mumford took classes at, but never received a degree from, Columbia University and the New School for Social Research, among other schools. After serving in the U.S. Navy from 1918 to 1919 and working on the staff of The Dial, he published his first book, The Story of Utopias, in 1922. In the 1940s and 1950s Mumford publicly opposed various urban plans proposed for New York City by Robert Moses. His best-known work, The City in History, received a National Book Award in 1962.