Hannah Crafts

(c. 1830 - c. 1880)

Painted portrait of British statesman and political thinker Edmund Burke.

Edmund Burke

(1729 - 1797)

Luisa Valenzuela

Suki Kim

Marbod of Rennes

(c. 1035 - 1123)

Painting of Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes

(1588 - 1679)

Color portrait of French radical Jacobin leader Maximilien de Robespierre.

Maximilien de Robespierre

(1758 - 1794)

Baruch Spinoza

(1632 - 1677)

Patrick J. McGinnis

Andrew Grove

(1936 - 2016)

Ivan Vladislavić

Ibn Khalawayh

(c. 900 - c. 980)

Paul Tillich

(1886 - 1965)

Richard Hofstadter

(1916 - 1970)

Subcomandante Marcos

Shannon Gibney

Painted portrait of Florentine statesman and philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli.

Niccolò Machiavelli

(1469 - 1527)

Woodrow Wilson

(1856 - 1924)

Photograph of American short-story writer and poet Edgar Allan Poe.

Edgar Allan Poe

(1809 - 1849)

He-Yin Zhen

(c. 1884 - c. 1920)

Diego Durán

(c. 1537 - 1588)

Edwidge Danticat

J. Hoberman

Black and white photograph of Austrian writer Stefan Zweig.

Stefan Zweig

(1881 - 1942)

English novelist, essayist, and critic George Orwell.

George Orwell

(1903 - 1950)

Hungarian-born British novelist, journalist, and critic Arthur Koestler.

Arthur Koestler

(1905 - 1983)

Joseph Heller

Joseph Heller

(1923 - 1999)

Jerome D. Frank

(1909 - 2005)

William Dean Howells

(1837 - 1920)

Margery Kempe

(c. 1373 - c. 1438)

Suetonius

(69 - c. 130)

Engraving of William Shakespeare from the first folio edition.

William Shakespeare

(1564 - 1616)

Greek philosopher Epictetus.

Epictetus

(c. 55 - c. 135)

Philippe Petit

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Black and white image of English scholar, writer, and clergyman Robert Burton.

Robert Burton

(1577 - 1640)

Photograph of American writer and professor Paul Collins.

Paul Collins

William Sloane

(1906 - 1974)

Hans Erich Nossack

(1901 - 1977)

Nadine Gordimer

(1923 - 2014)

Photograph of American novelist and short story writer Stephen Crane.

Stephen Crane

(1871 - 1900)

Portrait of Alexis de Tocqueville wearing a black suit and standing in front of a chair.

Alexis de Tocqueville

(1805 - 1859)

German writer, composer, and painter E. T. A. Hoffmann.

E.T.A. Hoffmann

(1776 - 1822)

Marilynne Robinson

Pausanias

(c. 110 - c. 180)

French philosopher and historian Michel Foucault.

Michel Foucault

(1926 - 1984)

Steve Biko

(1946 - 1977)

Jorge Amado

(1912 - 2001)

Walter Cannon

(1871 - 1945)

Black and white photograph of Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud with cigar.

Sigmund Freud

(1856 - 1949)

Judith N. Shklar

(1928 - 1992)

Dorothy Thompson

(1893 - 1961)

Charles Simic

John G. Neihardt

(1881 - 1973)

Black and white photograph of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt.

Theodore Roosevelt

(1858 - 1919)

Color portrait of English philosopher John Locke.

John Locke

(1632 - 1704)

Tadeusz Borowski

(1922 - 1951)

Susan Brownmiller

Atticus Lish

English poet and novelist Siegfried Sassoon.

Siegfried Sassoon

(1886 - 1967)

American author H.P. Lovecraft.

H.P. Lovecraft

(1890 - 1937)

Image of English naturalist Charles Darwin.

Charles Darwin

(1809 - 1882)

Portrait of Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Dostoevsky

(1821 - 1881)

Mario Vargas Llosa

Hama Tuma

Central Intelligence Agency

Emma Reyes

(1919 - 2003)

Color photograph of Czech playwright, poet, and political dissident Václav Havel.

Václav Havel

(1936 - 2011)

Ihara Saikaku

(1642 - 1693)

E.M. Cioran

(1911 - 1995)

Andrés Bernáldez

(1450 - 1513)

Portrait bust of Greek dramatist Aeschylus.

Aeschylus

(c. 525 BC - 456 BC)

Wole Soyinka

Saul Friedländer

M.R. James

(1862 - 1936)

Atiq Rahimi

Photo of stone Aristotle statue face

Aristotle

(384 BC - 322 BC)

Ernst Bloch

(1885 - 1977)

Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, and writer Marcus Tullius Cicero.

Marcus Tullius Cicero

(106 BC - 43 BC)

Author and journalist Caroline Alexander.

Caroline Alexander

Frontispiece for 1612-13 King James Bible.

The Bible

Ida B. Wells-Barnett

(1862 - 1931)

Photograph of American writer James Baldwin.

James Baldwin

(1924 - 1987)