Livy

(c. 59 BC - c. 17)

Joseph Roth

(1894 - 1939)

Ambrose Bierce

Ambrose Bierce

(1842 - c. 1914)

Color photograph of Egyptian Nobel Laureate Naguib Mahfouz.

Naguib Mahfouz

(1911 - 2006)

Former President of the United States Richard Nixon.

Richard Nixon

(1914 - 1994)

Alicia Partnoy

French philosopher and historian Michel Foucault.

Michel Foucault

(1926 - 1984)

Color portrait of the Italian writer and libertine Giacomo Casanova.

Giacomo Casanova

(1725 - 1798)

Jules Romains

(1885 - 1972)

Dana Priest

Assia Djebar

(1936 - 2015)

Mary Ruefle

Juvenal

(c. 60 - c. 130)

Italian literary critic and novelist Umberto Eco.

Umberto Eco

(1932 - 2016)

Benedict Arnold

(1741 - 1801)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Cesare Beccaria

(1738 - 1794)

Lawrence Osborne

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift

(1667 - 1745)

English writer Geoffrey Chaucer.

Geoffrey Chaucer

(c. 1342 - 1400)

Artist rendering of Hindu statesman and philosopher Kautilya.

Kautilya

(c. 350 BC - c. 300 BC)

Pope Innocent IV

Pope Innocent IV

(1195 - 1254)

Sandra Lee Bartky

(1935 - 2016)

John le Carré

Black and white photograph of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung seated with legs crossed.

Carl Jung

(1875 - 1961)

Black and white photograph of Argentine writer Julio Cortázar.

Julio Cortázar

(1914 - 1984)

Don Delillo standing outside in a jacket, black and white photo

Don DeLillo

Sculpture bust of Greek historian Herodotus.

Herodotus

(c. 484 BC - c. 425 BC)

Belle Boyd

(1844 - 1900)

John Banville

Maxim Gorky

(1868 - 1936)

Sun Tzu

(c. 544 BC - c. 496 BC)

Hilary Mantel

Frances Warfield

(1884 - 1969)

James Bamford

Photograph of American short-story writer and poet Edgar Allan Poe.

Edgar Allan Poe

(1809 - 1849)

Luís Bernardo Honwana

Ha Jin

Photograph of Marcel Proust looking pensive.

Marcel Proust

(1871 - 1922)

American television critic Emily Nussbaum.

Emily Nussbaum

Polybius

(c. 200 BC - c. 120 BC)

Black and white photograph of former director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation J. Edgar Hoover.

J. Edgar Hoover

(1895 - 1972)

Color image of English novelist Charlotte Brontë with book in hand.

Charlotte Brontë

(1816 - 1855)

Christa Wolf

(1929 - 2011)

French general and emperor Napoleon Bonaparte.

Napoleon Bonaparte

(1769 - 1821)

Sculpture bust of Greek dramatist Euripides.

Euripides

(c. 484 BC - c. 406 BC)

Ruth First

(1925 - 1982)

Margaret Atwood

Black and white photograph of African-American poet Nikki Giovanni.

Nikki Giovanni

Engraving of William Shakespeare from the first folio edition.

William Shakespeare

(1564 - 1616)

black and white photo of Groucho Marx wearing glasses and smoking a cigar from the side of his mouth

Groucho Marx

(1890 - 1977)

Anaïs Nin

(1903 - 1977)

Statue of French medieval poet and historian Jean Froissart.

Jean Froissart

(c. 1337 - c. 1405)

Image of French writer Honoré de Balzac with hand on chest.

Honoré de Balzac

(1799 - 1850)

Guy Debord

(1931 - 1994)

Ian Fleming

(1908 - 1964)

British historian Edward Gibbon.

Edward Gibbon

(1737 - 1794)

Black and white image of English philosopher and political theorist John Stuart Mill.

John Stuart Mill

(1806 - 1873)

Henry Kissinger