Drawing of Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.

Søren Kierkegaard

(1813 - 1855)

Søren Kierkegaard entered the University of Copenhagen in 1830 and completed his dissertation, “On the Concept of Irony, with Continual Reference to Socrates,” in 1841. During the next few years Kierkegaard published many of the works he is remembered for today including Either/Or: A Fragment of Life and Fear and Trembling in 1843, and Philosophical Fragments and The Concept of Anxiety in 1844. Beginning in the late 1840s, Kierkegaard wrote works against the Church of Denmark: he declared in Training in Christianity, under the pseudonym Anti-Climacus, the necessity “again to introduce Christianity into Christendom.”

All Writing


In Either/Or: A Fragment of Life, published in 1843, Søren Kierkegaard wrote, “What philosophers say about actuality is often just as disappointing as it is when one reads on a sign in a secondhand shop: pressing done here. If a person were to bring his clothes to be pressed, he would be duped, for the sign is merely for sale.”​

People commonly travel the world over to see rivers and mountains, new stars, garish birds, freak fish, grotesque breeds of human; they fall into an animal stupor that gapes at existence, and they think they have seen something.

—Søren Kierkegaard, 1843

How absurd men are! They never use the liberties they have, they demand those they do not have. They have freedom of thought, they demand freedom of speech.

—Søren Kierkegaard, 1843

At the bottom of enmity between strangers lies indifference.

—Søren Kierkegaard, 1850

Issues Contributed