French philosopher Charles Fourier.

Charles Fourier

(1772 - 1837)

Along with Henri de Saint-Simeon and Robert Owen, Charles Fourier was among the most important early socialist utopians, arguing that the creation of small cooperative and self-sustaining communities called “phalanxes,” consisting of 1,620 citizens, would lead to social harmony. His ideas became very popular in the United States, where between 1842 and 1852 around thirty phalanxes were created; by the mid-1850s only one remained. 

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