Turkish author Orhan Pamuk.

Orhan Pamuk

Orhan Pamuk received a journalism degree from the University of Istanbul in 1977. He first won international acclaim for his third novel, The White Castle, published in 1985. After making statements about his country’s massacre of Armenians and Kurds, the novelist was put on trial in 2005 for “denigrating Turkishness.” The following year he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

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