English writer and scholar J.R.R. Tolkien.

J.R.R. Tolkien

(1892 - 1973)

Entering Oxford University at the age of nineteen and becoming fascinated by the Finnish epic poem the Kaleva, J.R.R. Tolkien served in World War I, later reflecting that “a real taste for fairy stories was wakened by philology on the threshold of manhood and quickened to full life by war” and that “by 1918 all but one of my close friends were dead.” He taught English literature at Oxford between 1925 and 1959, publishing The Hobbit in 1937 and The Lord of the Rings in three parts in 1954 and 1955. It has sold more than 150 million copies in some forty languages.

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