Fernand Braudel

(1902 - 1985)

Captured by German troops in 1940, the Lorraine-born Fernand Braudel spent five years as a prisoner of war, passing the time by writing what would become his two-volume book The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II largely from memory, without access to sources. After his 1945 release, he was awarded a doctorate on its merits; he became a professor at the Collège de France and the editor of the influential history journal Annales.

All Writing

Happiness, whether in business or private life, leaves very little trace in history.

—Fernand Braudel, 1979

Issues Contributed