To Raise the Water Level in a Fishpond, by Zhang Huan, 1997. Chromogenic print. © Zhang Huan, courtesy Pace Gallery.

Climate

Volume XII, Number 4 | fall 2019

Map

Current Events

Ocean currents and atmospheric winds shape more than trade routes.

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Miscellany

“When summer and winter separate,” wrote Hildegard of Bingen circa 1158, “so that either summer recedes and winter arrives or winter recedes and summer arrives, then a certain mixed substance appears, flying in the air, like a whiteness of threads, where the air is purifying itself.”

The earth is our existence, and our body is attached to the earth.

—Daulat Qazi, c. 1650

Lapham’sDaily

The World in Time

Olivier Zunz

Lewis H. Lapham speaks with the author of The Man Who Understood Democracy: The Life of Alexis de Tocqueville. More