German philosopher Oswald Spengler.

Oswald Spengler

(1880 - 1936)

Oswald Spengler studied mathematics and science at the University of Halle, writing his dissertation on Heraclitus. He taught high school until an inheritance from his mother allowed him to become a private scholar in 1911. Rejecting the linear-progressive view of history, he contended that all cultures simply pass through irreversible life cycles.

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“Man is the only being that knows death; all others become old, but with a consciousness wholly limited to the moment which must seem to them eternal. We are time,” writes Oswald Spengler in The Decline of the West.

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