(1925 - 1961)
Born in Martinique in 1925, Frantz Fanon worked at a psychiatric hospital in Algeria from 1953 to 1956 but quit to join the National Liberation Front. In 1960 he was appointed by Algeria’s provisional liberation government to be ambassador to Ghana; later that year he was diagnosed with leukemia. After visiting the USSR for treatment, he returned to Tunisia to write The Wretched of the Earth. With the assistance of the CIA, he then traveled in October 1961 to Maryland for more treatment. Fanon died there eight weeks later.