Pope Clement V
(c. 1260 - 1314)
Serving as pope from 1305 to 1314, Clement V moved the papal residence to Avignon, where it remained until 1377. He convoked the Council of Vienne in 1311, and approved of its decision to charge heresy against the Spirituals, Franciscan extremists who observed absolute material poverty. Among his contributions to worldly affairs, Clement made the school at Perugia a university and created chairs of Asiatic languages at Paris, France; Bologna, Italy; Oxford, England; and Salamanca, Spain.