Mikhail Bakhtin

(1895 - 1975)

Wary of Stalinist censorship, Mikhail Bakhtin published his early intellectual works under the names of his friends. The literary critic nevertheless was arrested in 1929 and sentenced to six years’ exile in Kazakhstan. In 1940 he presented his controversial doctoral thesis on Rabelais to the Gorky Institute of World Literature; it was finally published in book form in 1965.

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