Law, from the series Bookscapes, by Max Steven Grossman, 2016. Digital photograph, 48 x 100 inches. © Max Steven Grossman, courtesy of the artist.

Rule of Law

Volume XI, Number 2 | spring 2018


Super Pacts

International treaties, from antiquity to the digital age.



In a September 1820 letter, Thomas Jefferson warned that “to consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters of all constitutional questions” would “place us under the despotism of an oligarchy. Our judges are as honest as other men, and not more so.” A letter three months later was more incendiary, calling the judiciary “the subtle corps of sappers and miners constantly working underground to undermine the foundations of our confederated fabric.”

If law and justice do not attain their ends, the people will be unable to move hand or foot.

—Confucius, c. 500